Closed joint injury Discussion

A closed joint injury may result in a variety of problems. Contusion (bruising) in the area of moving structures may produce prolonged stiffness and difficulty with normal use - even if no mechanical injury of the joint has occurred. Sudden bending or twisting forces may partially tear the ligament tissues that attach bones to each other, referred to as a sprain or strain. Depending on the degree of tearing, there may be persistent pain, soreness, stiffness, thickening of the joint or instability. Treatment options include antiinflammatory medication, therapy, limited immobilization or local cortisone injection. Complete tears with joint instability may need surgical reconstruction of the ligaments. With any significant injury, risks include stiffness, joint contractures, persistent soreness, instability, weakness and later degenerative arthritis.

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